||Description: Acremonium stromaticum, a hyaline hyphomycete (glassy, lightly pigmented conidial fungus), occurs widely in nature but is also encountered as a contaminant. Asexual reproduction is by conidiophores that produce spores / conidia (phialoconidia or ameroconidia) at hyphal branches. Acremonium stromaticum is one of the causative agents of eumycotic white grain mycetoma. It is also one of five fungi present in most banana root and rhizome lesions in many parts of the tropics. Acremonium stromaticum is known to cause opportunistic infections (hyalohyphomycosis) in immunocompromised patients, including arthritis, osteoarthritis, peritonitis, endocarditis, pneumonia, cerebritis and subcutaneous infection. Other species of Acremonium exist as saprophytes in a wide variety of habitats or as plant and animal pathogens. Some species of Acremonium have been reported to be allergenic while some are known to produce mycotoxins.