||Description: Sphingomonas paucimobilis (formerly known as Pseudomonas paucimobilis) is a Gram-negative, rod-shaped, aerobic, chemoheterotrophic bacterium. It is a yellow-pigmented, non-fermenting bacterium that is widely distributed in the natural environment (especially water and soil). This genus is commonly referred to as a "sphingomonad". Sphingomonads are widely distributed in nature and have been isolated from many different land and water habitats, as well as from plant root systems, clinical specimens, and other sources. Due to their biodegradative and biosynthetic capabilities, sphingomonads have been utilized for a wide range of biotechnological applications, from bioremediation of environmental contaminants to production of extracellular polymers such as sphingans. S. paucimobilis has been implicated in a variety of community-acquired and nosocomial infections, including bacteremia, catheter-related sepsis, meningitis, peritonitis, cutaneous infections, visceral abscesses, urinary tract infections, adenitis and diarrheal disease. Isolates infecting humans and those reported to have caused nosocomial outbreaks are considered to originate from contaminated hospital equipment or the manipulation of indwelling devices.