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<i>Lactobacillus salivarius</i> - homofermentative probiotic bacterium
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Image #   29564C
Name:   Enterococcus sp. - coccus prokaryote (VRE bacterium)
Copyright:   Copyright 2011 Dennis Kunkel Microscopy, Inc.
Description:   Description: Enterococcus (formerly known as Streptococcus) is a Gram-positive, facultative anaerobic, coccoid prokaryote (bacterium) that is normal part of the intestinal flora (commensal) of humans and animals. Enterococcus is a genus of lactic acid bacteria of the phylum Firmicutes. The genus Enterococcus includes more than 17 species, but only a few cause clinical infections (nosocomial) in humans. Enterococcus species are important pathogens responsible for serious infections. They can be opportunistic pathogens and may cause various types of infections when the immune system is impaired. They are important nosocomial pathogens (infects hospital patients) and have recently been referred to as a 'supergerm' or 'superbug' due to their resistance to antibiotics. Infectious strains of Enterococcus that are resistant to vancomycin (vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus, or VRE) have emerged in nosocomial infections of hospitalized patients, especially in the US. They are robust microbes able to tolerate relatively high salt and acid concentrations. They also seem to be able to withstand low levels of detergents, explaining why inadequate cleaning procedures can promote Enterococcus infections. The microbe can survive for long periods of time in soil, sewage, and inside hospitals on a variety of surfaces. Clinical nosocomial infections include urinary tract infections, bacteremia, bacterial endocarditis, diverticulitis, meningitis, blood infections, oral cavity infections and skin / wound infections. Enterococci have both an intrinsic and acquired resistance to antibiotics, making them important nosocomial pathogens. Enterococcus faecalis and Enterococcus faecium are the most prevalent species cultured from humans, accounting for more than 90% of clinical isolates. Other enterococcal species known to cause human infection include: Enterococcus avium, Enterococcus gallinarum, Enterococcus casseliflavus, Enterococcus durans, Enterococcus raffinosus and Enterococcus mundtii.
Type: SEM
Magnification:* x18,665
    *(Magnifications are based on a 35mm slide image of 24mm in the narrow dimension.)
Keywords:   29564C Enterococcus SEM bacteria bacterium microbe microbes nosocomial microbe nosocomial microbes nosocomial microorganism nosocomial microorganisms nosocomial pathogen nosocomial pathogens prokaryote prokaryotes lactic acid bacteria lactic acid bacterium Firmicutes Lactobacillales Enterococcaceae Group D Group D Streptococci Group D Streptococcus Streptococcus urinary tract infection urinary tract infections bacteremia bacterial endocarditis endocarditis diverticulitis meningitis VRE anaerobic coccoid facultative anaerobic commensal bacteria commensal bacterium enterococcal meningitis enterococcus meningitis cocci coccoid shaped coccoid-shaped coccus 06.01.11 ARE ampicillin resistant ampicillin-resistant anaerobe vancomycin resistant vancomycin-resistant human disease human diseases human pathogen human pathogens bacteria skin infection bacteria skin infections bacteria wound infection bacteria wound infections bacterial skin infection bacterial skin infections bacterial wound infection bacterial wound infections skin infection skin infections wound infection wound infections antibiotic resistance antibiotic resistant antibody resistance antibody resistant Gram positive Gram-positive bacteria division bacteria fission bacterial fission bacterial division dividing division fission facultative anaerobe human infection Enterococcus faecalis Enterococcus faecium Enterococcus avium Enterococcus gallinarum Enterococcus casseliflavus Enterococcus durans Enterococcus raffinosus Enterococcus hirae Enterococcus mundtii Streptococcus faecalis Streptococcus faecium blood infection blood infections oral cavity infection oral cavity infections superbug supergerm super bug super bugs super germ super germs disease blood stream bacteria blood stream bacterium opportunistic pathogen opportunistic pathogens bacterium dividing bacterium division dividing bacteria dividing bacterium bacterium fission enterococcus infection enterococcus infections vancomycin vancomycin resistant bacteria vancomycin resistant bacterium vancomycin resistant Enterococci vancomycin resistant Enterococcus vancomycin resistant strain vancomycin resistant strains quinolone quinolones aminoglycoside aminoglycosides penicillin penicillin resistant vaginal tract infection vaginal tract infections gentamicin resistant tetracycline resistant erythromycin resistant teicoplanin resistant superbugs supergerms bacterial pathogen infection group D streptococci group D streptococcus vancomycin resistant enterococcus bacteria infection bacteria infections bacterial infection bacterial infections nosocomial infection nosocomial infections gut bacteria gut bacterium intestinal bacteria intestinal bacterium intestine bacteria intestine bacterium stomach bacteria stomach bacterium immuno-compromised immune system immunocompromised immune system lactic acid

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