Clostridium difficile - spore forming, rod prokaryote (bacterium)
Copyright 2006 Dennis Kunkel Microscopy, Inc.
Caption: Clostridium difficile - Gram-positive, anaerobic, spore forming, rod prokaryote. C. difficile is a spore-forming bacteria that is a normal part of the intestinal flora, especially in young children. It is the major cause of pseudomembranous colitis and antibiotic produced diarrhea. It produces 2 toxins, which cause inflammation of the intestinal wall (colitis) along with diarrhea, abdominal pain and fever. It is one of the most common hospital (nosocomial) infections around the world. It is now becoming resistant to most antibiotics. Treatment is by discontinuing antibiotics and starting specific anticlostridial antibiotics, such as metronidazole.
*(Magnifications are based on a 35mm slide image of 24mm in the narrow dimension.)